The prevalence of hypertension in Indonesia is quite high. In addition, its becomes a public health problem. the first step of hypertension treatment is a life style changes. If the life style changes failed, pharmacological treatment is given. Treatment or management of hypertension takes a long time, lifetime, and should continue.
So, We need medication with good efficacy and safety. A number of Indonesian people consume some traditional herbs medicine or jamu for treating hypertension such Apium graviolens and Orthosiphon stamineus. at this time, a combination of those herbal medicine available as phytopharmaca in the market. There are a lot of research to evaLuate the effectivity and side effects of those phytopharmaca. The result was the phytopharmaca lowered systolic and diastolic blood pressure equivalent with Amlodipine among mild and moderate hypertensive subjects.
Jamu has been a long history as an ancient heritage and indigenous wisdom for maintaining health of Indonesian people. But , Jamu still lacks of scientific evidence in term of efficacy and safety. On the other hand, there is a great demand to use jamu in medical services, including the direction of Indonesian President to rise jamu as a therapeutic modality of healthcare. To solve the problem, The Indonesian Ministry of Health has established the Programe of Jamu Scientification, trying to provide scientific evidence through research and development, regarding the efficacy and safety of Jamu.
The evaluation of clinical outcome for Jamu scientification is using holistic approach. The clinical outcome is not only measured by objective parameters (laboratory results and measurement) but also by subjective parameters (self-responded out come, quality of life and wellness index). By doing Jamu Scientification, it’s hoped that we can accelerate the integration of Jamu into formal health sevices.